What are the Historical Limits of "Mediæval London?" Derivation of "London" The Roman City Outlying Districts Decay of Ancient London Renewal after the English Conquest was Complete London Christianised King Alfred's London Its Gradual Rise to Supremacy St. Paul's Cathedral William the Conqueror's London London in the days of the Plantagenets. Foundation of Westminster Abbey Rebuilt by Henry III. St. Clement Danes Watling Street The Folkmote Ground Cheapside and its Surroundings The Pageants The Arches Court London Wall, the Gates and Towers City Trees The Religious Houses Monasteries Priories Colleges Hospitals Episcopal Residences London Outskirts Notes of Remarkable Events under the Successive Dynasties Aggas's Map of London, temp. Queen Elizabeth.
Mediæval London -- it is a perfectly distinct and real subject, though it might be difficult to give exact dates of beginning and end. Historical periods glide in, and run their course, and fade away or take fresh shape. Yet we may venture to approximate, and to say with some confidence that Ancient London changed into Mediæval in the days of King Alfred, and passed into Modern with the accession of the Stuarts. The Great Fire of 1666 made vast changes not only in the city itself, but in the surroundings thereof, but modern London had begun nearly a century before that.
London is not mentioned in Cæsar's account of Britain, but we know from Tacitus that it existed and was a place of importance. In a lecture of Dean Stanley delivered in Exeter Hall, entitled "The Study of Modern History in London," he follows the etymology accepted in his time, and interprets the name "The City of Ships." That derivation was disproved by Dr. Guest, and the meaning now, so far as I know, universally held by scholars is "The Fortress by the Lake." The "lake," so called, was the river spread out in a wide marsh on the Surrey side, and the "fortress" was a palisaded ground round the neighbourhood of the present Cannon Street Station. When the Romans took possession in the first half of the first century, they fortified it with a tower and a wall. Parts of the Roman wall are still standing; most of it remained in the days of Mediæval London. Substantial fragments of the later wall taken from around Bishopsgate are preserved in the Guildhall Museum. They include portions of handsome Roman buildings and sculptured ornaments. Evidently some, having fallen into decay, were in the course of ages used by mediæval Londoners for the repairs of their walls.

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  • Publication Date: August 22, 2013
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • Lending: Disabled
  • Print Length: 127 Pages
  • File Size: 1,875 KB

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